Scorched earth policy anglo boer war

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scorched earth policy anglo boer war

An Imperfect Occupation: Enduring the South African War by John Boje

The South African War (18991902), also called the Boer War and Anglo-Boer War, began as a conventional conflict. It escalated into a savage irregular war fought between the two Boer republics and a British imperial force that adopted a scorched-earth policy and used concentration camps to break the will of Afrikaner patriots and Boer guerrillas. In An Imperfect Occupation , John Boje delves into the agonizing choices faced by Winburg district residents during the British occupation. Afrikaner men fought or evaded combat or collaborated; Afrikaner women fled over the veld or submitted to life in the camps; and black Africans weighed the life or death consequences of taking sides. Bojes sensitive analysis showcases the motives, actions, and reactions of Boers and Africans alike as initial British accommodation gave way to ruthlessness. Challenging notions of Boer unity and homogeneity, Boje illustrates the precarious tightrope of resistance, neutrality, and collaboration walked by people on all sides. He also reveals how the repercussions of the wars transformative effect on Afrikaner identity plays out in todays South Africa. Readable and compassionate, An Imperfect Occupation provides a dramatic account of the often overlooked aspects of one of the first modern wars.
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Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902

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John Boje

Erasure of black suffering in Anglo-Boer War

A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy when retreating from a position. Any assets that could be used by the enemy may be targeted. This usually includes obvious weapons, transport vehicles, communication sites, and industrial resources. However, anything useful to the advancing enemy can be targeted including food stores and agricultural areas, water sources, and even the local people themselves, although this has been banned under the Geneva Conventions. The practice can be carried out by the military in enemy territory, or in its own home territory while being invaded.

While much has been written about the conflict, the black narrative has been silenced, and with it, the shocking human rights violations that took place are at risk of being overlooked at best, forgotten at worst. But war touches the lives of all inhabitants of the affected country and it would be unacceptable to not acknowledge the many ways it destroyed the lives of the black population groups including the Khoi, San, Zulu, Xhosa, Tsonga, and Swati. Whether their role was voluntary or involuntary; combatant or non-combatant, we would be doing an injustice to our history if we removed them from this war. Black people were conscripted and used as slaves and servants as scouts, messengers, watchmen in blockhouses, despatch runners, cattle raiders, trench diggers, drivers, labourers, agterryers and auxiliaries. The agterryers were used by the Boers for guarding ammunition, cooking, collecting firewood, mending the horses, and loading firearms for battle. It is important to note that auxiliaries were also used in fighting, evident in some of the photographs taken during the War. At least 15, blacks were used as combatants by the British and also by both British and Boers as wagon drivers.

On 9 October the SAR issued an ultimatum to Britain and two days later, on 11 October the war was officially declared between Britain and the Boers. The British forces thought that the war would be won easily, but they were wrong. The two Boer republics that were involved in the conflict were the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. The first phase of the war was one of the set-piece battles, but from July onwards the Boers changed tactics and they conducted a very efficient guerrilla war that kept nearly British troops occupied until The Boers were conquered in the end, but a great deal of property and lives were lost on both sides. It was the bloodiest, longest and most expensive war Britain engaged in between and It cost more than million pounds and more than 22 men were lost to Britain.

Setting the record straight

When it is carried on by methods of Barbarism in South Africa. This section depicts the destruction that was wrought during the period when General Lord Kitchener exercised his well-known "Scorched Earth Policy", whereby all Boer farms were destroyed, and the inhabitants taken to concentration death camps. This method of warfare has left seeds of bitterness which today, after one hundred years, has still not entirely disappeared. British soldiers busy dragging grain out of a barn and setting it alight so that Boer commandos and farm inhabitants would not have supplies. There were whites and coloureds.

British Broadcasting Corporation Home. How did the wars in South African shake British prestige so badly and cause a major re-evaluation of military tactics in the years before World War One? These are wars of many names. Many Afrikaaners today refer to them as the Anglo-Boer Wars to denote the official warring parties. The first Boer War of has also been named the Transvaal Rebellion, as the Boers of the Transvaal revolted against the British annexation of

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