Explorer vasco nunez de balboa

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explorer vasco nunez de balboa

Vasco Nunez de Balboa: Explorer to the Pacific Ocean by Arlene Bourgeois Molzahn

Who was the first European to see the eastern shore of the Pacific Ocean? Vasco Nunez de Balboa was. This Spanish explorer sailed from Spain to the island of Hispaniola where he started a farm. Escaping people to whom he owed money, Balboa stowed away on a ship sailing to South America. Balboa became a great explorer and conqueror crossing the Isthmus of Panama and finally finding the Pacific Ocean.
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Vasco Nunez de Balboa

Born in Spain in , explorer and conquistador Vasco Nunez de Balboa helped establish the town of Darien on the Isthmus of Panama, becoming interim governor. In , he led the first European expedition to the Pacific Ocean, but news of the discovery arrived after the king had.
Arlene Bourgeois Molzahn

Vasco Nunez de Balboa - Spanish Explorer

He is best known for leading the first European expedition to sight the Pacific Ocean , or the "South Sea" as he referred to it. He is still remembered and venerated in Panama as a heroic explorer. Although noble, Balboa could not hope for much in the way of even a meager inheritance, as he was the third of four sons. All titles and lands were passed to the eldest; younger sons generally went into the military or clergy. Balboa opted for the military, spending time as a page and squire at the local court.

In , while leading an expedition in search of gold, he sighted the Pacific Ocean. Balboa claimed the ocean and all of its shores for Spain, opening the way for later Spanish exploration and conquest along the western coast of South America. Balboa was born in in Jerez de los Caballeros, a town in the impoverished Extremadura region of Spain. His father was believed to be a nobleman, but the family was not wealthy; like many of his class, Balboa decided to seek his fortune in the New World. Around , he joined a Spanish expedition that explored the coast of present-day Colombia, then returned to the island of Hispaniola present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic and sought to make his living as a farmer. The colony had been largely abandoned by the time they arrived, after local natives killed many of the colonists. Under his authority, the Spaniards dealt harshly with native inhabitants of the region in order to get gold and other riches; from some of these Indians, they learned that a wealthy empire lay to the south possibly a reference to the Incas.

Vasco Nunez de Balboa was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. He is best known for having crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean .
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Vasco Nunez de Balboa

In he sailed with Rodrigo de Bastidas on a voyage of exploration along the coast of present-day Colombia. The expedition found the survivors of the colony, led by Francisco Pizarro , but Ojeda had departed. With the subsequent departure of Enciso for Hispaniola, Balboa became the undisputed head of the colony. Balboa meanwhile had organized a series of gold- and slave-hunting expeditions into the Indian chiefdoms of the area. His Indian policy combined the use of barter, every kind of force, including torture, to extract information, and the tactic of divide and conquer by forming alliances with certain tribes against others.

Explorer and Conquistador who was head of the first South American settlement, and the first European to discover the Pacific Ocean. He is best known for leading an expedition across the narrow isthmus of Panama, and reaching the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first European to see this large body of water. Like many explorers of his day, Balboa went to the new world seeking riches and adventure. He achieved both, but it was not enough to save him from an unfortunate ending. His family was noble, but by the late fifteenth century it had lost most of its money, land, and influence. Like most children of nobility at this time, young Balboa received training as a knight and, later, a soldier. He was sent to Moguer, Spain where he served as a page to the Lord of Moguer.


  1. Kim M. says:

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  2. Ndolonunnua says:

    Early Life and Career of Vasco Nunez de Balboa

  3. Adelaide P. says:

    Today his is remembered as the fist European that reached the Pacific Ocean.

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