Who founded the mauryan empire
The Maurya Empire: The History and Legacy of Ancient India’s Greatest Empire by Charles River Editors*Includes pictures
*Includes ancient accounts describing the empire and its rulers
*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents
During the last centuries of the first millennium BCE, most of the Mediterranean basin and the Near East were either directly or indirectly under the influence of Hellenism. The Greeks spread their ideas to Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Persia and attempted to unify all of the peoples of those regions under one government. Although some of the Hellenistic kingdoms proved to be powerful in their own rights – especially Ptolemaic Egypt and the Seleucid Empire, which encompassed all of Mesopotamia, most of the Levant, and much of Persia during its height – no single kingdom ever proved to be dominant. The Hellenic kingdoms battled each other for supremacy and even attempted to claim new lands, especially to the east, past the Indus River in lands that the Greeks referred to generally as India. But as the Hellenistic Greeks turned their eyes to the riches of India, a dynasty came to power that put most of the Indian subcontinent under the rule of one king.
The dynasty that came to power in the late fourth century BCE is known today as the Mauryan Dynasty, and although the ruling family was short-lived and their power was ephemeral, its influence resonated for several subsequent centuries and spread as far east as China and into the Hellenistic west. Through relentless warfare and violent machinations, the Mauryans were able to take a land that was full of disparate and often warring ethnic groups, religions, and castes and meld it into a reasonably cohesive empire. After establishing the empire, subsequent kings were able to focus their attentions on raising the living standards of their people. One particular Mauryan king, Ashoka, embarked on several ambitious public works projects and promoted the tenets of Buddhism. Due to its influence on religion and what many believe was the world’s first attempt by a government to legitimately acknowledge human rights, the Maurya Empire continues to be a source of interest and inspiration today.
The Maurya Empire: The History and Legacy of Ancient India’s Greatest Empire looks at one of antiquity’s most interesting empires. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Mauryans like never before.
Further study. Prior to the rise of the Maurya, numerous states, large and small, covered northern India. This was the classical age of the history of ancient India, a time of religious ferment when two new faiths, Buddhism and Jainism, appeared. One of the largest of these states was Magadha. It was located in the eastern part of the Ganges plain, on the periphery of the Aryan cultural area. At this stage in Indian history other states apparently regarded Magadha as semi-barbarous.
Comprising the majority of South Asia , the Maurya Empire was centralized by the conquest of the Indo-Gangetic Plain , and its capital city was located at Pataliputra modern Patna. At its greatest extent, the empire stretched along the natural boundary of the Himalayas , to the east into Assam , to the west into Balochistan southwest Pakistan and southeast Iran and the Hindu Kush mountains of what is now eastern Afghanistan. Under Chandragupta Maurya and his successors, internal and external trade, agriculture, and economic activities all thrived and expanded across South Asia due to the creation of a single and efficient system of finance, administration, and security. The Maurya dynasty built the Grand Trunk Road , one of Asia 's oldest and longest trade networks, connecting the Indian subcontinent with Central Asia. Chandragupta Maurya's embrace of Jainism increased socio-religious reform across South Asia, while Ashoka's embrace of Buddhism and sponsorship of Buddhist missionaries allowed for the expansion of that faith into Sri Lanka , northwest India, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Egypt, and Hellenistic Europe. The population of the empire has been estimated to be about 50—60 million, making the Mauryan Empire one of the most populous empires of antiquity.
Originating from the kingdom of Magadha in the Indo-Gangetic Plain modern Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh in the eastern side of the Indian subcontinent, the empire had its capital city at Pataliputra modern Patna. The empire was the largest to have ever existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning over 5 million square kilometres at its zenith under Ashoka.
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The foundation of the Maurya Empire in B. There is no unanimity with regard to the ancestry of the Mauryas. The Puranas describe them as Sudras and uprighteous probably due to the fact that the Mauryas were mostly patrons of heterodox sects. The Buddhist works e. Mahavamsa and Mahavamshatika have attempted to link the Mauryan dynasty with the tribe of the Sakyas to which the Buddha belonged.
An early city in modern-day Pakistan that was believed to be one of the earliest global settings of learning and culture. It is now modern-day Taxila. Originating from the kingdom of Magadha in the Indo-Gangetic Plain modern Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh in the eastern side of the Indian subcontinent, the empire had its capital city at Pataliputra modern Patna. The empire was the largest to have ever existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning over 5 million square kilometres at its zenith under Ashoka. In its time, the Maurya Empire was one of the largest empires of the world.