Homosexuality in germany before ww2
The Pink Triangle: The Nazi War Against Homosexuals by Richard PlantThis is the first comprehensive book in English on the fate of the homosexuals in Nazi Germany. The author, a German refugee, examines the climate and conditions that gave rise to a vicious campaign against Germanys gays, as directed by Himmler and his SS--persecution that resulted in tens of thousands of arrests and thousands of deaths.
In this Nazi crusade, homosexual prisoners were confined to death camps where, forced to wear pink triangles, they constituted the lowest rung in the camp hierarchy. The horror of camp life is described through diaries, previously untranslated documents, and interviews with and letters from survivors, revealing how the anti-homosexual campaign was conducted, the crackpot homophobic fantasies that fueled it, the men who made it possible, and those who were its victims, this chilling book sheds light on a corner of twentieth-century history that has been hidden in the shadows much too long.
Gay Berlin, Before Hitler Came to Power
The relatively rapid evolution of gay rights in Germany intrigued Stanford doctoral candidate Samuel Clowes Huneke. His research into what led to Germany becoming a standard bearer for gay rights today surprised him. Its capital of Berlin is known globally for its vibrant, diverse gay culture. That stark cultural and political change intrigued Stanford researcher Samuel Clowes Huneke , a doctoral candidate in history, who began investigating how East and West Germany dealt with homosexuality from to Gay rights activism there was surprisingly successful. But little work has been done on the post-war period, said J.
Upon the rise of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers Party the Nazi Party in Germany, gay men and, to a lesser extent, lesbians , were two of the numerous groups targeted by the Nazis and were ultimately among Holocaust victims. The Gestapo compiled lists of homosexuals, who were compelled to sexually conform to the "German norm". Between and , an estimated , men were arrested as homosexuals, of whom some 50, were officially sentenced. Most of these men served time in regular prisons, and an estimated 5, to 15, of those sentenced were incarcerated in Nazi concentration camps. Homosexuals in the camps suffered an unusual degree of cruelty by their captors.
Same-sex marriage in force
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