Holy roman emperor frederick barbarossa

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holy roman emperor frederick barbarossa

Profile for Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor from Baudolino (page 1)

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Published 23.06.2019

The Germans - Barbarossa and the lion - DW Documentary

Frederick I also known as Frederick Barbarossa was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January until his death. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt .
Umberto Eco

King Frederick Barbarossa

What makes Barbarossa unique among crusading monarchs was not his reign, his life, or his deeds, which were all noteworthy, but his death. Barbarossa, or Red Beard, ruled the Holy Roman Empire from to , a lengthy reign of almost four decades. Elected by his fellow noblemen, Frederick Barbarossa set out to unite the warring houses of Germany and bring relative stability to the Empire. At this he was largely successful. It was a lifelong undertaking, and some argue that the aging Frederick led the Third Crusade as a means of unifying, once and for all, the German nobility under his authority.

He is generally considered to be one of the greatest Holy Roman Emperors during medieval times. He formulated the Roman rule of law which was among the initial steps to consolidate the power of state against that of Church. Barbarossa was born in and became Duke of southern German region of Swabia in He was also elected as the King of Germany on 4 March and was crowned on 9 March He died in while leading an expedition on the Third Crusade.

Frederick I German : Friedrich I. Two years later, the term sacrum "holy" first appeared in a document in connection with his empire. He was named Barbarossa by the northern Italian cities which he attempted to rule: Barbarossa means "red beard" in Italian ; [2] in German, he was known as Kaiser Rotbart , which has the same meaning. Frederick, therefore, descended from the two leading families in Germany, making him an acceptable choice for the Empire's prince-electors. Historians consider him among the Holy Roman Empire's greatest medieval emperors.

Frederick Barbarossa was born in in the monastery Weingarten. He was the son of Guelph Judith. Frederick had a cousin, called "Henry the Lion", who.
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Attempt to regain imperial rights.

Barbarossa's parents were members of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and House of Welf, respectively. This provided him with strong family and dynastic ties that would aid him later in life., Frederick Barbarossa was born in in the monastery Weingarten. He was the son of Guelph Judith.

He engaged in a long struggle with the cities of northern Italy 83 , sending six major expeditions southward. He died while on the Third Crusade to the Holy Land. The announcement of his election, which he sent to Pope Eugenius III , made it plain that Frederick I was not ready to recognize the preeminence over the emperors that the popes had won during the quarrel over the right of investiture of bishops and abbots. Frederick, moreover, filled several vacant episcopal sees, thereby violating the Concordat of Worms of Nevertheless, he was to learn that he could not prevail against the papacy as easily as the earlier emperors, Otto I and Henry III , had done because the political balance of the West had changed. Under the powerful emperor Manuel I Comnenus , the Byzantine Empire had grown to be a political factor in the Mediterranean and in Italy. The cities of the Lombards , which had been little more than a nuisance to the earlier emperors, had now become more powerful.


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