The time travelers guide to medieval england pdf
The Time Travellers Guide to Medieval England: A Handbook for Visitors to the Fourteenth Century by Ian MortimerA very fun, entertaining book!
Here are a few things I learned:
There are almost no conifer or evergreen trees in the middle ages so the winter skyline is particularly bleak.
There are no grey squirrels, only red ones. The grey variety has yet to reach Britain.
Cattle and sheep are smaller than their modern counterparts: much smaller.
There are no wolves. The last English wolf was killed in North Lancashire in the 14th century.
Half of the entire population are under the age of 21 so everyone is inexperienced and immature. Imagine a nation being run by a bunch of hormonal teenage boys. People marry at age 14. Many commanders in the Army are still in their teens.
A woman who is 30 years old is considered to be in the winter of her life. Women are blamed for all intellectual and moral weaknesses in society and are basically viewed as deformed men.
The avg medieval person is considerably shorter than their counterparts of today, although nobility are about the same height as today. This disparity in height is due to genetic selection as well as difference in diet. The extra height gives a nobleman a considerable advantage in a fight.
Speaking of fighting, it is not unusual to come across men who have lost eyes, ears and limbs in wars. A surprisingly large amount of men have to hobble around without a leg or with foot injuries that never healed correctly.
The main staple of food is bread & something called pottage a thick stew of oats or peas (green pottage) or leeks (white pottage) that has been boiled into a mush for several hours over a fire. If you have a garden, you will throw in some herbs, garlic and cabbage. Add left over bread crumbs as thickener and thats your daily meal when you are not eating plain bread.
Most peasants have very few opportunities to eat meat, dairy or even fish. Pickled and salted herring is the only kind of fish they usually eat.
If you have a well kept fruit orchard you are very lucky and can make preserves from apples, pears, berries, plums and grapes.
A Medieval Street in York, England
In 1300 the nobility speak French, not English! If you cant speak French, you cant command any respect. Only the lowly poor peons speak English. Nobody commissions any literature in English. Not until 1350 when King Edward the III, who speaks English, expresses pride in the English language, do aristocrats begin to speak English as well as French.
People rarely bathed or did laundry but did wash their hands before each meal.
A peasant usually had only one set of clothes.
In the Great Plague, 35%-45% of the entire population is wiped out in just 9 months. Thousands of villages are left empty. If you are lucky enough to avoid catching the plague, dont relax too much, leprosy or tuberculosis might still get you.
If you do get sick, and are wealthy enough to pay a physician, he will not need to see you in person to treat you because diagnosis are based on astronomy. You will also be diagnosed by the color and smell of your urine and the taste of your blood.
There is so much more in this book, but I cant tell you everything! Please read it! Its really good!
Medieval Europe: Crash Course European History #1
The Time Traveller's Guide to Medieval England: A Handbook for Visitors to the Fourteenth Century
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Ian Mortimer doesn't hold with any fancy notion about the past being impossible to know.
i would fall in love
It was first published on 2 October by The Bodley Head ,  and a later edition with more pages was released on 29 of February The volume debunks and explains various myths about the period. - Uh-oh, it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of date.
Now in paperback, a literary time machine that takes readers into the sights, smells, and tastes of the fourteenth century—a book that is revolutionary in its concept and startling in its portrayal of humanity. The past is a foreign country. This is your guidebook. A time machine has just transported you back into the fourteenth century. What do you see?