Status of democracy in india

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status of democracy in india

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Published 15.05.2019

Yogendra Yadav - Diversity and Democracy in India (2011)

This is the first article in a two-part series evaluating the state of India’s democracy. Recently, however, the dominance of the Hindu nationalists under Prime Minister Narendra Modi – and the manner in which they have ruled – has given rise to claims that India’s democracy.

Democracy in India success or failure?

Instead of lamenting BJP's electoral win, the Indian elite should examine its own role in undermining Indian democracy. A second term for a party which is pursuing a Hindu majoritarian agenda defying India's secular constitutional order is bound to have repercussions on India's sociocultural fabric and institutional framework. It is early to say what these elections might portend but they are already fuelling anxieties among the social and economic elites about an impending transformation of the country. Much of the public discourse is blaming the opposition parties for failing to stem Modi's meteoric rise, public institutions and mainstream media for allegedly being partial towards the ruling dispensation, and voters for not knowing better than to vote in a government that will upend the Indian democracy and constitution. The blind spot in the torrential outrage is the liberal elite's own contribution towards this moment in history. Indian democracy is not under threat merely because majoritarian forces are gaining ground. Majoritarian forces have gained ground because democracy has been under threat.

A set of six papers looks at the forms of political power in India and its institutions of democratic accountability, seven decades after.
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The politics of India works within the framework of the country's constitution. India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. India follows the dual polity system, i.

India is a federal republic with 29 states and six union territories. It has a parliamentary democracy which operates under the constitution of There is a bicameral federal parliament: the Rajya Sabha or council of states upper house and the Lok Sabha or house of the people lower house. The Lok Sabha has members, representing the states and union territories — 79 seats are reserved for scheduled castes and 40 for scheduled tribes — and two additional seats reserved for the Anglo-Indian community. Members are elected, on a first-past-the- post system in single-member constituencies, every five years or less, based on universal suffrage. The Rajya Sabha has members, 12 of which are presidential appointments and are elected indirectly by the assemblies of the states and union territories for a six-year term, with one-third retiring every two years. Legislation may be introduced in either house, but the Lok Sabha has final say in financial matters.


  1. Aylen G. says:

    The level of sectarianism was kept under restraint before, because never before did a sectarian political party achieve such overwhelming political power.

  2. Denis T. says:

    India can hardly shine as a lone beacon of true democracy, an island scientific temper, modernity and on an equal status for the minorities.

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