Arts and crafts movement architecture

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arts and crafts movement architecture

The Arts and Crafts Movement by Elizabeth Cumming

This volume surveys the highly influential Arts and Crafts design movement – which embraced architecture, furniture, glass, ceramics, metalwork, textiles and books – in Britain, America and Europe. Although the styles adopted by the movement were diverse, its leading architects, artists and craft–designers, including William Morris, Frank Lloyd Wright, Josef Hoffman and Eliel Saarinen, were united in promoting the moral superiority of honest design and natural materials in an industrial age.
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Arts & Crafts architecture of Greene & Greene including The Gamble House, CALIFORNIA episode

Apr 18, Informal yet eminently cultured, the Arts & Crafts movement served to influence a range of house styles that still grace the architecture. For many old-house observers, Arts & Crafts may be one of the most confusing architectural styles. Is it a Craftsman bungalow, a Foursquare.
Elizabeth Cumming

Arts and Crafts

It was first and foremost a response to social changes initiated by the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain and whose ill effects were first evident there. Industrialization moved large numbers of working-class laborers into cities that were ill-prepared to deal with an influx of newcomers, crowding them into miserable ramshackle housing and subjecting them to dangerous, harsh jobs with long hours and low pay. Cities likewise became doused regularly with pollution from a bevy of new factories. Critics such as the writer John Ruskin and architect Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin railed against these problems of industrialization. They contrasted its vices with the Gothic era before the Renaissance , which they viewed as an idyllic time period of piety and high moral standards as well as a healthful, green environment. For both Ruskin and Pugin, there was a strong association between the morality of a nation and the form of its architecture, and the Gothic for them symbolized the peak of human development.

By the s the movement had spread to the rest of Europe as well as North America. One of the main voices behind the movement in the United States was a furniture-maker named Gustav Stickley. In he began publishing The Craftsman , a magazine that encouraged readers to build and furnish their own homes using Arts and Crafts principles. Abundant windows, wraparound porches, and pergolas did their part to link Craftsman-style homes to nature. Most roofs were hipped all sides sloping downward to meet the walls, with no gables , with a dormer on at least one face. Pictured: This stately brick Craftsman Foursquare was built in in Minneapolis. A recent renovation mixed contemporary materials with signature Craftsman components to return the home to its original style.

The Arts and Crafts movement emerged during the late Victorian period in England, the most industrialized country in the world at that time. Anxieties about industrial life fueled a positive revaluation of handcraftsmanship and precapitalist forms of culture and society. Arts and Crafts designers sought to improve standards of decorative design, believed to have been debased by mechanization, and to create environments in which beautiful and fine workmanship governed. The Arts and Crafts movement did not promote a particular style, but it did advocate reform as part of its philosophy and instigated a critique of industrial labor; as modern machines replaced workers, Arts and Crafts proponents called for an end to the division of labor and advanced the designer as craftsman. The British movement derived its philosophical underpinnings from two important sources: first, the designer A. Pugin — , whose early writings promoting the Gothic Revival presaged English apprehension about industrialization, and second, theorist and art critic John Ruskin — , who advocated medieval architecture as a model for honest craftsmanship and quality materials. Morris strove to unite all the arts within the decoration of the home, emphasizing nature and simplicity of form.

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Oder sind sie moderater und geben sich auch mit einem bescheideneren Objekt zufrieden? Doch manchmal sieht die Wirklichkeit etwas anders aus. - The Arts and Crafts movement was an international trend in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between about and , emerging in Japan in the s as the Mingei movement. It stood for traditional craftsmanship using simple forms, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles of decoration.

The Arts and Crafts movement originated in England in the midth century as an antidote to the dehumanizing effects of the industrial revolution. It looked back to a time before craftspeople were replaced by machines. Its roots were philosophical rather than architectural and it encompassed many art forms. The ideas of English art critic John Ruskin and English designer William Morris were given expression not only in designs for houses, but also in fabrics, furniture, handmade books and other decorative arts. Arts and Crafts ideals became popular in the United States at the end of the 19th century, starting in Boston and eventually spreading across the country.

5 COMMENTS

  1. Mencoligfphos says:

    A style that urged for a return to craftsmanship and which rebelled against industrialisation.

  2. Dislotackver says:

    You are here

  3. Varinia A. says:

    Get the Look: Arts and Crafts-Style Architecture | Traditional Home

  4. Nemesia O. says:

    Many of the leaders of the Arts and Crafts movement were trained as architects ( e.g. William Morris, A. H. Mackmurdo, C. R. Ashbee.

  5. Bixintxo L. says:

    How to wallpaper a wall with book pages how tall was elizabeth 1

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