George washington and general braddock
Braddocks Defeat: The Battle of the Monongahela and the Road to Revolution by David L. PrestonOn July 9, 1755, British and colonial troops under the command of General Edward Braddock suffered a crushing defeat to French and Native American enemy forces in Ohio Country. Known as the Battle of the Monongahela, the loss altered the trajectory of the Seven Years War in America, escalating the fighting and shifting the balance of power. An unprecedented rout of a modern and powerful British army by a predominantly Indian force, Monongahela shocked the colonial world--and also planted the first seeds of an independent American consciousness.
The culmination of a failed attempt to capture Fort Duquesne from the French, Braddocks Defeat was a pivotal moment in American and world history. While the defeat is often blamed on blundering and arrogance on the part of General Braddock--who was wounded in battle and died the next day--David Prestons gripping new work argues that such a claim diminishes the victory that Indian and French forces won by their superior discipline and leadership. In fact, the French Canadian officer Captain Beaujeu had greater tactical skill, reconnaissance, and execution, and his Indian allies were the most effective and disciplined troops on the field.
Preston also explores the long shadow cast by Braddocks Defeat over the 18th century and the American Revolution two decades later. The campaign had been an awakening to empire for many British Americans, spawning ideas of American identity and anticipating many of the political and social divisions that would erupt with the outbreak of the Revolution. Braddocks Defeat was the defining generational experience for many British and American officers, including Thomas Gage, Horatio Gates, and perhaps most significantly, George Washington.
A rich battle history driven by a gripping narrative and an abundance of new evidence, Braddocks Defeat presents the fullest account yet of this defining moment in early American history.
Washington & Braddock
General Braddock Defeated
Braddock, who had been appointed a major general only a year before, had come to the Colonies with the 44thand 48th regiments of British regulars three months earlier to take command of the growing struggle against the French. Franklin wrote in his autobiography that the general expected to make quick work of Fort Duquesne. Franklin, however, cautioned the general that he was badly underestimating the rigors of the American wilderness and the dangers therein — especially the French-allied Indians. There, Braddock would suffer one of the worst defeats in British military history. The French, however, had already staked their claim to the same frontier region. As early as the s, France had sought the region to unite its Canadian colonies with New Orleans at the southern terminus of the great Mississippi River transportation artery.
His major aim was to capture Fort Duquesne, the most important French position in the West. They poured deadly fire into the ranks from positions hidden in the heavy woods on either side of the path. General Braddock adhered to his accustomed manner of warfare and refused to allow the colonials to take the fight into the forest. Perhaps his most serious error was the failure to heed intelligence reports offered by Indian scouts; Braddock regarded the natives as inferiors and refused to deal with them. General Edward Braddock commanded bravely — four horses were shot out from under him — but was mortally wounded and died several days later.
Following the British failure to capture Fort Duquesne in , British authorities assigned General Edward Braddock the task of removing the French presence from the region. General Edward Braddock commanded British forces in the unsuccessful campaign to expel the French from the Ohio Valley near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Braddock assumed command of the expedition due to the failure of earlier Virginian efforts led by George Washington at the start of the French and Indian War General Braddock joined a contest in North America that began in Failed diplomatic efforts and an embarrassing showing by Virginia colonists at Ft.
Richard Cavendish describes how Major-General Edward Braddock arrived in from a Virginian lieutenant-colonel of twenty-two named George Washington.
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The Massacre of General Braddock (The Great American History Blog - Time Travel 21)
Skip to main content. Google Tag Manager. General Braddock Defeated. His first objective was Fort Duquesne, deep in the wilderness at the Fork of the Ohio River, where the city of Pittsburgh stands today. Braddock was about sixty, a short, stout, bad-tempered martinet with little experience in action and none of the type of fighting that was in store for him. His rudeness and arrogance made a thoroughly bad impression on the colonials and were to contribute to a jaundiced view of the British officer class.
He is best known for the Battle of the Monongahela , in which his army was decisively defeated and he was mortally wounded. Braddock, the son of Major General Edward Braddock died , joined the Coldstream Guards in and served in the Netherlands during the siege of Bergen op Zoom in He was appointed major general in and arrived in Virginia the following February to command all British forces in North America against the French. Although hampered by administrative confusion and lack of resources, he undertook, after several months of preparation, to attack the French-held Fort Duquesne now Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in an extremely arduous wilderness expedition. His force cut a road westward from Cumberland , Maryland, the first road across the Allegheny Mountains. George Washington , then lieutenant colonel of the Virginia militia, was among the provincials and 1, British regulars under his command.
He was a gallant officer of distinguished record, but inexperienced with warfare in the American terrain and the techniques employed by the French's native allies. Having heard of Washington's deeds and talents, the general invited the young lieutenant-colonel to serve with him. In a letter addressed to Robert Orme, General Braddock's aid-de-camp, dated March 15, , Washington responded with enthusiasm and more than a little flattery:. Braddock and his troops were seasoned and highly trained soldiers, but their experience was almost exclusively on the open battlefields of Europe, in stark contrast to the forests of America. Recognizing the importance of familiarity with the terrain, both the French and English had attempted to recruit local native tribes to their side, but the French had had a head start and had considerably more native allies. These factors led to the incident for which General Braddock is chiefly remembered today: The disastrous Battle of the Monongahela. General Braddock hoped to recapture Fort Duquesne, and began a march toward the fort along with two regiments of soldiers and heavy cannons for the upcoming siege.