Symbiotic relationship between ants and aphids
Mitz: The Marmoset of Bloomsbury by Sigrid NunezThe tender biography of a sickly marmoset that was adopted by Leonard Woolf and became a fixture of Bloomsbury society. --Dwight Garner, The New York Times
In short, glistening sentences that refract the larger world, Ms. Nunez describes the appealingly eccentric, fiercely intelligent Woolfs during a darkening time. --The Wall Street Journal
In 1934, a sickly marmoset named Mitz came into the care of Leonard and Virginia Woolf. After nursing her back to health, Leonard was rarely seen without the monkey on his shoulder. Mitz moved with the Woolfs between their homes in London and Sussex. She developed her own special relationships with the familys cocker spaniels and with the various members of the Woolfs circle, including T. S. Eliot and Vita Sackville-West. Mitz also played a vital role in helping the Woolfs escape a close call with Nazis in Germany just before World War II.
Blending letters, diaries, and memoirs, Sigrid Nunez reconstructs Mitzs life, painting it against the backdrop of Bloomsbury in its twilight years. Tender, affectionate, and filled with humor, this novel offers a striking look at lives shadowed by war, death, and mental illness, as well as the happiness and productivity the creature inspired. A new edition, now with an afterword by Peter Cameron.
Ants farming aphids
What Is the Symbiotic Relationship Between Aphids and Ants?
Share facts or photos of intriguing scientific phenomena. It is a term used to define positive interactions between ants and other organisms like plants, fungi, or other insects. Symbiosis may be defined as the close interactions between two or more different organisms, such that all the organisms in the association are benefited from each other. Such a relationship is called a symbiotic relationship and is demonstrated by a number of organisms. The relationship between aphids and ants is symbiotic, which is observed across various geographical niches. You might find these aphids and ants on your rose bush, tomato plant, hibiscus shrub, tulips, lilies, etc. Ants are one of the most common insects, and there are more than ten thousand species of ants present worldwide.
Ants and aphids share a well-documented symbiotic relationship, which means they both benefit mutually from their working relationship. Aphids produce a sugary food for the ants, in exchange, ants care for and protect the aphids from predators and parasites. Aphids are also known as plant lice, they are very small sap-sucking insects that collect the sugar-rich fluids from host plants. Aphids are also the bane of farmers the whole world over. Aphids are known crop destroyers.
A view of the relationship between ants and aphids. Defensive Symbiosis Many insects develop symbiotic relationships with other organisms to help defend them in their environment. These relationships are mainly mutualistic. An example of this type of relationship is between aphids and several ant species. The aphids provide honeydew to the ants while the ants will take the aphids into their nests at night to protect them from predators and escort them back to a plant the next morning. This ant species has even been seen collecting the aphid's eggs and placing them in their nest's storage chambers to survive the cold winter months.
Just How Brainy Are Ants, Anyway?
Symbiosis, also known as mutualism, is a long-standing relationship between members of different species, usually for the benefit of both. When human livestock producers tend farm animals, both species get something out of it, making their relationship symbiotic. The same principle is believed to apply to ants, who "farm" aphids using surprisingly similar methods. But the real mystery at the root of this phenomenon is how ants are capable of such complex behavior at all. Ant intelligence fascinates Antoine Wystrach, lead author of a study on ants' navigational abilities published August in the journal "Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Human brains "build a unified map of the world" capable of relating all stored information to other information, but ants' brains appear to have varied and specific modules dedicated to specific tasks, Wystrach says.