10 facts about flint michigan in 1963
The Watsons Go to Birmingham - 1963 by Christopher Paul CurtisThe Newbery Honor-winning American classic, The Watsons Go to Birmingham--1963 , celebrates 20 years with this anniversary edition featuring a special letter from Christopher Paul Curtis and an introduction by noted educator Dr. Pauletta Bracy.
Enter the hilarious world of ten-year-old Kenny and his family, the Weird Watsons of Flint, Michigan. Theres Momma, Dad, little sister Joetta, and brother Byron, whos thirteen and an official juvenile delinquent. When Momma and Dad decide its time for a visit to Grandma, Dad comes home with the amazing Ultra-Glide, and the Watsons set out on a trip like no other. Theyre heading South to Birmingham, Alabama, toward one of the darkest moments in Americas history.
There has been much in the news about the water crisis that began in in Flint, Mich. The elevated levels of lead found in the drinking water of residences in Flint have had a profound effect on the level of trust within the community and the state, the economy of the region, and the health and well-being of the residents of Flint and the surrounding communities. As Eric P. This analysis is based on an extensive review of the monthly operating reports MORs and other reported documents from the water treatment facilities, and from personal communications with plant operators and managers. By , Flint River water was being treated using alum coagulation before sand filtration, with the plant rated at 28 mgd Hardin Construction on a new treatment plant for the City of Flint began in and was completed in At that point, treatment of the Flint River included prechlorination, coagulation with alum, lime-soda ash softening, recarbonation, filtration, the addition of polyphosphate for corrosion control, and postchlorination.
In doing so, they unwittingly introduced lead-poisoned water into homes, in what would become a massive public-health crisis. The problem started when officials decided to switch the water supply from the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department to the Karegnondi Water Authority to save money for the economically struggling city. Before that connection could be built, the city turned to the Flint River as a temporary water source. In August, E. From there, a leaked memo from the Environmental Protection Agency, and several independent studies, warned of dangerous levels of lead in the water. Although the city switched their water supply back in October , the damage to the pipes had already been done. After months of denial and dodging, the mayor, governor and president declared a state of emergency in Flint.
Name Origin: Derived from the Indian word Michigama , meaning great or large lake. State Motto: Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice , which translates, "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you. Population: According to U. Michigan is the 9th most populous state in the nation. The Michigan cities with more than , residents are:. From Michigan Manual
The Flint metropolitan area is located entirely within Genesee County. It is the fourth largest metropolitan area in Michigan with a population of , in Flint was founded as a village by fur trader Jacob Smith in and became a major lumbering area on the historic Saginaw Trail during the 19th century. From the late 19th century to the mid 20th century, the city was a leading manufacturer of carriages and later automobiles , earning it the nickname "Vehicle City". Flint was also the home of the Flint Sit-Down Strike of —37 that played a vital role in the formation of the United Automobile Workers. Since the late s, Flint has faced several crises. The city sank into a deep economic depression after GM significantly downsized its workforce in the area from a high of 80, to under 8, by