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Who Was Martin Luther King, Jr.? by Bonnie BaderDr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was only 25 when he helped organize the Montgomery Bus Boycott and was soon organizing black people across the country in support of the right to vote, desegregation, and other basic civil rights.
Maintaining nonviolent and peaceful tactics even when his life was threatened, King was also an advocate for the poor and spoke out against racial and economic injustice until his death from an assassins bullet in 1968.
With clearly written text that explains this tumultuous time in history and 80 black-and-white illustrations, this Who Was?? celebrates the vision and the legacy of a remarkable man.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. King sought equality and human rights for African Americans, the economically disadvantaged and all victims of injustice through peaceful protest. He was the driving force behind watershed events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the March on Washington, which helped bring about such landmark legislation as the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act. Day, a U. A gifted student, King attended segregated public schools and at the age of 15 was admitted to Morehouse College , the alma mater of both his father and maternal grandfather, where he studied medicine and law. Benjamin Mays, an influential theologian and outspoken advocate for racial equality. After graduating in , King entered Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania , where he earned a Bachelor of Divinity degree, won a prestigious fellowship and was elected president of his predominantly white senior class.
M artin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in and receiving the degree in In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.
Martin Luther King Jr. Born in Atlanta , King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience , inspired by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia , and helped organize the nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama. He helped organize the March on Washington , where he delivered his famous " I Have a Dream " speech. On October 14, , King won the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. In , he helped organize the Selma to Montgomery marches. The following year, he and the SCLC took the movement north to Chicago to work on segregated housing.
Martin Luther King, Jr. His birth certificate listed his first name as Michael, but this was later changed to Martin.
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King received a doctorate degree in theology and in helped organized the first major protest of the African-American civil rights movement: the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott. The peaceful protests he led throughout the American South were often met with violence, but King and his followers persisted, and the movement gained momentum. In , Bayard Rustin and A. Two hundred and fifty thousand people gathered outside the Lincoln Memorial to hear the stirring speech. In , the civil rights movement achieved two of its greatest successes: the ratification of the 24th Amendment, which abolished the poll tax, and the Civil Rights Act of , which prohibited racial discrimination in employment and education and outlawed racial segregation in public facilities. In the late s, King openly criticized U. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee , on April 4,
Martin Luther King Jr. Through his activism and inspirational speeches, he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens in the United States, as well as the creation of the Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act of King won the Nobel Peace Prize in , among several other honors. He continues to be remembered as one of the most influential and inspirational African-American leaders in history. Born as Michael King Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. King rose to national prominence as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference , which promoted nonviolent tactics , such as the massive March on Washington , to achieve civil rights. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in He was a leader of the American civil rights movement. He organized a number of peaceful protests as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference , including the famous March on Washington. In he won the Nobel Peace Prize, and, at the time, he was the youngest person to have done so. King also advocated for nonviolent methods of protest.