Spanish novelist author of don quixote
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (Author of Don Quixote)Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright. His novel Don Quixote is often considered his magnum opus, as well as the first modern novel.
It is assumed that Miguel de Cervantes was born in Alcala de Henares. His father was Rodrigo de Cervantes, a surgeon of cordoban descent. Little is known of his mother Leonor de Cortinas, except that she was a native of Arganda del Rey.
In 1569, Cervantes moved to Italy, where he served as a valet to Giulio Acquaviva, a wealthy priest who was elevated to cardinal the next year. By then, Cervantes had enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment and continued his military life until 1575, when he was captured by Algerian corsairs. He was then released on ransom from his captors by his parents and the Trinitarians, a Catholic religious order. He subsequently returned to his family in Madrid.
In Esquivias (Province of Toledo), on 12 December 1584, he married the much younger Catalina de Salazar y Palacios (Toledo, Esquivias –, 31 October 1626), daughter of Fernando de Salazar y Vozmediano and Catalina de Palacios. Her uncle Alonso de Quesada y Salazar is said to have inspired the character of Don Quixote. During the next 20 years Cervantes led a nomadic existence, working as a purchasing agent for the Spanish Armada and as a tax collector. He suffered a bankruptcy and was imprisoned at least twice (1597 and 1602) for irregularities in his accounts. Between 1596 and 1600, he lived primarily in Seville. In 1606, Cervantes settled in Madrid, where he remained for the rest of his life.
Cervantes died in Madrid on April 23, 1616.
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"Don Quixote" by Miguel de Cervantes - Bookworm History
Miguel de Cervantes: Spain’s Greatest Writer
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Cervantes biographer Jean Canavaggio, a literature professor, explains why the author remains an enduring literary figure and what makes The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha popular years after it was written. A: We say that Cervantes created the modern novel. There is some truth to this. He let his characters speak for themselves instead of a narrator recounting their tale. They somehow internalise their adventures…Don Quixote and Sancho Panza his squire belong to completely different worlds and they each have a point of view on the world which gives depth to the adventures of Don Quixote. It was translated and enjoyed great success but was seen as typifying Spain at the time.
There is no third. This long novel is considered by many to be the first modern novel, and it serves as a major bridge between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. He was the fourth of seven children. All surgical tasks actually fell into the hands of barbers. Barbers in the past would be responsible for cutting hair, hacking off limbs, and even applying leeches to help cure certain ailments. Although this was an extremely demanding job, it paid very little.
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Published in two parts, in and , Don Quixote is the most influential work of literature from the Spanish Golden Age and the entire Spanish literary canon. A founding work of Western literature , it is often labeled "the first modern novel "  and is sometimes considered the best literary work ever written. The plot revolves around the adventures of a noble hidalgo from La Mancha named Alonso Quixano, who reads so many chivalric romances that he loses his mind and decides to become a knight-errant caballero andante to revive chivalry and serve his nation, under the name Don Quixote de la Mancha. He recruits a simple farmer, Sancho Panza , as his squire, who often employs a unique, earthy wit in dealing with Don Quixote's rhetorical monologues on knighthood , already considered old-fashioned at the time. Don Quixote, in the first part of the book, does not see the world for what it is and prefers to imagine that he is living out a knightly story.
His novel Don Quixote has been translated into over languages and dialects ; it is, after the Bible , the most-translated book in the world. Don Quixote , a classic of Western literature , is sometimes considered both the first modern novel  and the best work of fiction ever written. In , in forced exile from Castile , Cervantes moved to Rome, where he worked as chamber assistant of a cardinal. Then he enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment and continued his military life until , when he was captured by Barbary pirates. After five years of captivity, he was released on payment of a ransom by his parents and the Trinitarians , a Catholic religious order, and he returned to his family in Madrid. In , Cervantes published La Galatea , a pastoral novel.
Miguel de Cervantes was born near Madrid in He became a soldier in and was badly wounded in the Battle of Lepanto. Captured by the Turks in , Cervantes spent five years in prison. After less successful earlier efforts, Cervantes finally achieved literary success in his later years, publishing the first part of Don Quixote in He died in The fourth of seven children, Miguel de Cervantes struggled financially for almost his entire life. His father, Rodrigo, deaf from birth, worked as a surgeon—a lowly trade at the time—and the family moved around often in Cervantes youth as his father searched for better prospects.